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Lexicon musicum Latinum medii aevi Bibliographische AngabenLogo badw
 
bis (κακοφωνία) (Bd. 1, Sp. 266 bis 279)
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Artikelverweis C, c, , CC I. Markierungspunkt in Mensuren II. Tonbezeichnung III. Vortragsbezeichnung IV. Schlüsselbuchstabe V. Kennbuchstabe für den tritus der Dasia-Notation VI. Kennbuchstabe für die zweite Psalmtondifferenz einer jeden Kirchentonart VII. Kennbuchstabe für die dritte Kirchentonart VIII. Mensurzeichen für das tempus imperfectum I. letter that designates a specific point in measurements II. letter that designates a note III. letter that indicates manner of performance IV. clef sign V. letter that identifies the tritus in dasia notation VI. letter that identifies the second difference in each mode VII. letter that identifies the third mode VIII. mensuration sign for tempus imperfectum
I Markierungspunkt in Mensuren letter that designates a specific point in measurements
1 im System A - LL (C für die parhypate hypaton diatonos und CC für die paranete diezeugmenon diatonos) in the system A - LL (C for the hypate hypaton diatonos and CC for the paranete diezeugmenon diatonos)
[s.VI]
Boeth. mus. 4, 8 p. 325, 16: Eritque haec paranete diezeugmenon diatonos CC litteris pernotata. Boeth. mus. 4, 11 p. 332, 22: C parhypate hypaton diatonos. Boeth. mus. 4, 11 p. 334 descr. al. (inde Iac. Leod. spec. 5, 29, 3 sqq.) cf. LmL II, 3 col. 267, 64 - 268, 8
2 im System: AˢB C DˢE F G HˢI K LˢM N O (für den lichanos hypaton) in the system: AˢB C DˢE F G HˢI K LˢM N O (for the lichanos hypaton)
[s.VI]
Boeth. mus. 4, 14 p. 338, 5: C hypaton lichanos. (cf. Iac. Leod. spec. 6, 2, 5. al.) Boeth. mus. 4, 14 p. 341, 5.
3 im System: A B CˢD E F GˢH I KˢL M N OˢP (Z) in the system: A B CˢD E F GˢH I KˢL M N OˢP (Z)
[s.VI]
Boeth. mus. 4, 17 p. 347, 20 descr. al. (inde Guido Aug. /Bd. 1, Sp. 267/ 211 descr. Hier. Mor. 20 p. 155, 14 sqq. Guill. Pod. 4, 2. Guill. Pod. 5, 7.)
[s.IX]
Scol. ench. 3, 543: dempta nona parte AZ spatii erit BZ tonus, dempta nona parte BZ spatii erit CZ tonus et DZ semitonium. Scol. ench. 3 descr. 5. Hucbald. 27: per tonum, tonum et semitonium, rursus tres tonos continuos et semitonium usque ad octo voces scandatur, et ab ipsa rursus octava incipiendo ordo superior per eosdem similiter metiatur gradus, ad hunc modum. A t B t C s D t E t F t G s H t I t K s L t M t N t O s P.
[s.XIV]
Iac. Leod. spec. 6, 14, 1. al. Mon. Hoc mon. p. 204, 7. cf. Browne, System
4 im System: A BˢC D E FˢG H I KˢL M N OˢP Q R S in the system: A BˢC D E FˢG H I KˢL M N OˢP Q R S Mon. Prima corda I 34: Primae IIIIor cordae dicuntur graves A B C D. Item IIIIor dicuntur finales E F G H. Aliae IIIIor dicuntur superiores I K L M, et IIIIor aliae excellentes N O P Q et <super> has sunt duae positae R S. Primae igitur IIIIor notantur per hos caracteres   (ed.: )  .
5 im System: A BˢC D EˢF G Hˢ/(Z,SM)ˢIˢK L MˢN O P (für die parhypate hypaton) in the system: A BˢC D EˢF G Hˢ/(Z,SM)ˢIˢK L MˢN O P (for the parhypate hypaton)
[s.XI]
Berno mon. 12, 2 descr.: C parhypate hypaton, prope principem principalium. Quaest. mus. 1, 24 p. 67. Mon. Designata p. 70, 9. al. Mon. Divide mon. p. 3, 12. Mon. Mon. compos. I p. 68, 37 (sim. Mon. Mon. compos. II p. 68, 36). al. Mon. Si vis metiri I p. 9, 60. Mon. Partire totum p. 50, 41 descr. al. Mon. Prius dividenda 17. Mon. Totam tabulam p. 11, 13. al. Cymb. Omne instr. 3, 2.
6 im System: AˢB C DˢE F Gˢh (= trite synemmenon) ˢH (= paramese) ˢK L MˢN X O (für den lichanos hypaton) in the system: AˢB C DˢE F Gˢh (= trite synemmenon) ˢH (= paramese) ˢK L MˢN X O (for the lichanos hypaton)
[s.XIV]
Iac. Leod. spec. 6, 2, 5 sqq. (cf. Boeth. mus. 4, 14 p. 338, 5) Iac. Leod. spec. 6, 3, 18 descr. al.
7 im System: A B CˢD E FˢSˢG (A H) in the system: A B CˢD E FˢSˢG (A H) Mon. In superiori p. 204, 3-4. Mon. Organalis p. 45. Fist. Quicumque cupit 3 p. 114. al. Cymb. Dimidium 18, 1. al. Cymb. G habeat 20 (?). Cymb. Quicumque vult 19, 5. al. Cymb. Si volueris 1, 3. al. Cymb. Sonitum 2, 4. cf. LmL II, 4 col. 268, 9-45
8 im System: A ˢC D EˢF G (primi - sexti ordinis) (für ein in Mikrointervallen versetztes Tonsystem) in the system: A ˢC D EˢF G (primi - sexti ordinis) (for a system transposed according to microtones) Mon. Iste p. 238, 38. al. cf. Meyer Chr., Mensura, p. LXVII
II Tonbezeichnung letter that designates a note
1 im System: AˢG F E DˢC B A GˢF E D CˢB A (aufsteigend) in the system: AˢG F E DˢC B A GˢF E D CˢB A (ascending)
[s.IX]
Mus. ench. 10 descr. 4. Mus. ench. 11 descr. 1 - 2.
2 im System: A BˢC D EˢF G H (ˢQ = trite synemmenon) I (= paramese) ˢK L MˢN O P (für die parhypate hypaton) in the system: A BˢC D EˢF G H (ˢQ = trite synemmenon) I (= paramese) ˢK L MˢN O P (for the parhypate hypaton)
[s.IX]
Scol. ench. 2 descr. 1 app. crit.
[s.XI]
Odor. Sen. p. 152: ⋅C⋅ Parhypate hypaton, id est iuxta principalem principalium. Odor. Sen. p. 213 sqq. (sim. Adam Fuld. 2, 9 descr.) Mon. Mensurus p. 66, 9: Item a lychanos meson, si diapente remiseris, habebis parypate ypaton C . cf. LmL I, 5 col. 267, 19-28 cf. Browne, System
3 im System: a bˢc e hˢi m o xˢy cc ddˢff nn ii (für parhypate hypaton diatonos und paranete diezeugmenon diatonos) in the system: a bˢc e hˢi m o xˢy cc ddˢff nn ii /Bd. 1, Sp. 268/ (for the parhypate hypaton diatonos and the paranete diezeugmenon diatonos) (cf. Boeth. mus. 4, 8 p. 325, 16. Boeth. mus. 4, 11 p. 332, 22)
[s.IX-X]
Alia mus. p. 180 descr.: ⋅C⋅ parhypate hypaton ... ⋅CC⋅ paranete diezeugmenon. Alia mus. 54 p. 186: diapente, quod est ab ⋅m⋅ ad ⋅c⋅ (inde Anon. Bernh. 1, 57). Alia mus. 90 p. 187: diatessaron ⋅o⋅ ad ⋅cc⋅ (inde Anon. Bernh. 1, 61). cf. Santosuosso, Notations p. 56 sqq.
4 im System: F (g) (= B rotundum)ˢGˢA B CˢD E FˢG (H) (= trite synemmenon)ˢG (= paramese)ˢA B CˢD E F (für hypate meson und nete diezeugmenon) in the system: F (g) (= B rotundum)ˢGˢA B CˢD E FˢG (H) (= trite synemmenon)ˢG (= paramese)ˢA B CˢD E F (for the hypate meson and the nete diezeugmenon)
[s.IX-X]
Hucbald. 47 descr. (traditio posterior). Mon. A dextra parte p. 59, 4. al. Mon. Divide in p. 61, 2. al. Mon. Divide in quatuor p. 54, 3. al. Mon. In primis 9: ⋅C⋅, id est nete diezeugmenon. Mon. In primis 10: intra ⋅C⋅ et ⋅D⋅ in diatonico est semitonium. al. Mon. In primo 15. al. (inde Anon. Bernh. 2, 8-21) Mon. Mon. a magada 4: Ab ⋅F⋅ foris per tres et IIIItam intus invenies semitonium ⋅C⋅. Deinde a ⋅C⋅ foris per VIII et VIIII intus invenies ⋅B⋅. al. Mon. Per tres p. 59, 2. al. Mon. Primum dividas I p. 60, 5 (sim. Mon. Primum dividas II p. 60, 6). al. Mon. Primum divide p. 24, 11. al. Mon. Si mon. I p. 27, 16 (sim. Mon. Si mon. II p. 27, 17. Mon. Si mon. III p. 35, 7). al. Mon. Si mon. Boetii p. 33, 8: netediezeugmenon, id est C notabis. al. Mon. Si regularis 16: ⋅C⋅, quod semitonio distat a ⋅D⋅. Mon. Si regularis 20: tetrachordum hypaton a ⋅C⋅ usque in ⋅G⋅. al. Mon. Studiosis p. 22, 10. al. Mon. Totum mon. 2: habes ⋅C⋅ superius. al. Fist. Prima per 4 p. 83. Fist. Rogatus 17 p. 62 sqq. descr. al. Fist. Si numeri p. 78 descr.
[s.XI]
Frut. brev. 4, p. 43: septem dumtaxat sunt vocum distantiae, videlicet proslambanomenos, hypate hypaton, parhypate hypaton, lichanos hypaton, hypate meson, parhypate meson, lichanos meson, quae notantur literis his: ⋅A⋅B⋅C⋅D⋅E⋅F⋅G⋅ vel secundum quorumdam annotationem ⋅F⋅G⋅A⋅B⋅C⋅D⋅E⋅.
[s.XII]
Theinr. Dov. tab. 3-2. Theinr. Dov. 3, 6, 8.
[s.XIV]
Iac. Leod. spec. 6, 9, 1: litterae Latinae, idest ⋅A⋅B⋅C⋅D⋅E⋅F⋅G⋅, quibus etiam nos utimur in nostri gammatis compositione, quamvis aliter. Hic enim ipsi proslambanomeno iungitur ⋅F⋅, ipsi hypate hypaton ⋅G⋅, ipsi parhypate hypaton ⋅A⋅, ipsi lichano hypaton in genere diatonico ⋅B⋅, ... ipsi hypate meson ⋅C⋅. Iac. Leod. spec. 6, 9, 4 descr. al. cf. Georg. Ans. descr. B (p. 128)
5 im System: (FF) Γ A BˢC D EˢF G aˢbˢˢc d eˢf g  (    ) in the system: (FF) Γ A BˢC D EˢF G aˢbˢˢc d eˢf g  (    )
a generell general
[s.X]
Odo Aret. II p. 93b. Ps.-Odo mus. p. 273a: Propterea eaedem litterae, quae sunt a prima in septimam, eaedem fiunt a septima in ultimam, et ipsae litterae, quae fiunt ab octava in undecimam, sequuntur post ultimam, ut sint tres ordines similium litterarum. Primus enim versus maioribus notatur litteris ... Secundus vero versus minoribus litteris et alia figura formatis ... describitur. Tertius vero versus, quia superfluus creditur, Graecarum potius litterarum forma notatur, habens voces quinque ... Primus versus: ⋅Γ⋅A⋅B⋅C⋅D⋅E⋅F⋅G⋅. Secundus versus: ⋅G⋅a⋅b⋅⋅c⋅d⋅e⋅f⋅g⋅. Tertius versus: ⋅g⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅Λ⋅. (forma litterarum secundum cod. Firenze BN Conv. Soppr. F.III.565). al. Ps.-Odo dial. p. 253b: Figurae autem et voces et litterae per ordinem ita ponuntur: ⋅Γ⋅ I ⋅A⋅ II ⋅B⋅ III ⋅C⋅ IIII ⋅D⋅ V ⋅E⋅ VI ⋅F⋅ VII ⋅G⋅ VIII ⋅a⋅ IX I ⋅b⋅ IX II ⋅⋅ X ⋅c⋅ XI ⋅d⋅ XII ⋅e⋅ XIII ⋅f⋅ XIIII ⋅g⋅ XV ⋅⋅. Ps.-Odo dial. p. 259b. al.
[s.XI]
Berno prol. p. 71a (H 18 p. 34): [possidens /Bd. 1, Sp. 269/ inter ⋅C⋅ et ⋅c⋅ tertiam diapason formam.] al. Guido prol. 70 descr. (sim. Guido reg. 141, ex. 2). Guido micr. 2, 4: In primis ponitur ⋅Γ⋅ Graecum a modernis adiunctum. Sequuntur septem alphabeti litterae graves ideoque maioribus litteris insignitae hoc modo: ⋅A⋅B⋅C⋅D⋅E⋅F⋅G⋅. Post has eaedem septem litterae acutae repetuntur, sed minoribus litteris describuntur, in quibus tamen inter ⋅a⋅ et ⋅⋅ aliam ⋅b⋅ ponimus, quam rotundam facimus, alteram vero quadravimus, ita: ⋅a⋅b⋅⋅c⋅d⋅e⋅f⋅g⋅. Addimus his eisdem litteris, sed variis figuris tetrachordum superacutarum, in quo ⋅b⋅⋅ similiter duplicamus, ita: ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅. Hae a multis superfluae dicuntur; nos autem maluimus abundare quam deficere. al. Guido reg. 12, ex. 1. Guido ep. p. 46a. al. Lect. Guid. p. 44: Ditonus est duorum tonorum connexio a ⋅c⋅ in ⋅e⋅. Hermann. mus. p. 34 (p. 133) descr. al. Heinr. Aug. 104. Heinr. Aug. 109: D: Quae voces sunt in vice planetarum? M: ⋅E⋅ lunae, ⋅F⋅ Mercurii, ⋅G⋅ Veneris, ⋅a⋅, id est mese, solis, ⋅b⋅ Martis, ⋅c⋅ Iovis, ⋅d⋅ Saturni. (cf. LmL col. 270, 8) Willeh. Hirs. 14 (c. 13), 7. al. Aribo 34 p. 4. al. Comm. Guid. 70 p. 105. al. Lib. argum. 30 p. 21: Litterae autem in monochordo sunt XXI, hoc modo: ⋅Γ⋅A⋅B⋅C⋅D⋅ ... ⋅⋅. al. Lib. spec. 70 p. 34. al. Mot. Omnis cantus p. 187. Ton. Aug. p. 138b. Anon. Lips. p. 156. al. Org. Montep. 7. al. Org. Mediol. rhythm. 70. al. Org. Berol. 30. al. Vers. Ars est 55. al. Vers. Quisquis velis 5. al. Ps.-Guido arithm. p. 56b. al. Theophil. 3, 86 p. 158: Item tantum cerae det litterae ⋅C⋅ quantum habet ⋅G⋅ et mediam eius partem (sim. Frut. brev. 16 p. 108). Frut. brev. 11 p. 88: Post hinc paranete diezeugmenon, id est a magda usque ⋅d⋅, in octo partes divide octavamque adiiciens ⋅c⋅ literam pone et habebis iterum tonum. al. Frut. ton. p. 113: Huius (sc. authenti proti) cantus incipitur sex nervis: ⋅C⋅D⋅E⋅F⋅G⋅a⋅. al. Ps.-Osbern. 41: Omnes voces in musica sunt viginti et una. Ex eisdem vocibus sunt quattuordecim regulares et naturales, septem additae et formales. Hae sunt naturales: ⋅A⋅B⋅C⋅D⋅E⋅F⋅G⋅a⋅⋅c⋅d⋅e⋅f⋅g⋅, hae vero formales: ⋅Γ⋅b⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅. al. Anon. Wolf p. 212. al. Quaest. mus. 1, 19 p. 48: Omnis eius communiter cantus sex inchoatur fidibus ⋅C⋅D⋅E⋅F⋅G⋅a⋅. al. Theog. Mett. 3, 4 (p. 184a). al. Ioh. Cott. mus. 13, 32 descr. al.
[s.XII]
Trad. Guid. 2. al. Udalsc. 44. al. Guido Aug. 94. al. Ton. Gratianop. p. 23. al. Ton. Parkm. p. 108. al. Ton. Cist. p. 266a. al. Anon. Cist. I 32 p. 26. al. Anon. Cist. II 1152A. Anon. La Fage I 3, 11. al. Theinr. Dov. tab. 3-2. al. Anon. Pannain p. 409. al. Ton. Nivern. f. 144v p. 123. al. Ton. Vatic. 12, 3 p. 192. al.
[s.XIII]
Anon. Lovan. p. 485b. al. Mus. man. 10, 3: Moderni vero Latinorum peregrinis caracteribus propter simplices erasis, domesticis potius eas litteris tradiderunt, eisdem videlicet, quas singulis hebdomadae diebus in kalendario deputaverunt: scilicet ⋅a⋅b⋅c⋅d⋅e⋅f⋅g⋅. al. Metrol. 26 p. 69. al. Ioh. Garl. plan. p. 158a. al. Disc. pos. vulg. p. 191, 28. Ton. Franc. p. 149b. al. Ioh. Aegid. 12, 19. al. Amerus 8, 13. al. Elias Sal. 1 p. 18a. al. Anon. Couss. VII 12, 6. al. Lambertus p. 254a. al. Trad. Lamb. 2, 2a, 2. al. Hier. Mor. 28 p. 290, 4: secunda chorda (sc. viellae) per se facit ⋅Γ⋅, per applicationem ... medici ⋅C⋅. al. Anon. Ratisb. 2, 20. al. Anon. Hailspr. 1 p. 67. Petr. Cruc. 1, 13. Ps.-Thomas Aqu. I p. 28. al. Ps.-Thomas Aqu. II p. 33. al. Ton. Lips. p. 98. al. Anon. Couss. IV p. 71, 8. al. Anon. Paris. III 25. al. Vers. Postquam pro 27. al. Ioh. Groch. 87. al. Ps.-Mur. summa 805. al. Engelb. Adm. 1, 9. Engelb. Adm. 1, 12: in VII litteris et earum vocibus, videlicet in ⋅A⋅B⋅C⋅D⋅E⋅F⋅G⋅. al. Walt. Odingt. 5, 1, 15. al.
[s.XIV]
March. luc. 2, 7, 12. al. Phil. Vitr. 6, 11. al. Ps.-Phil. lib. mus. p. 36a. Tab. Basil. Petr. Dion. append. p. 164. Iac. Leod. comp. 2, 5, 12. al. Iac. Leod. spec. 5, 16, 3 - 8. al. Hugo Spechtsh. /Bd. 1, Sp. 270/ 522. al. Summ. Guid. 60. (inde Gob. Pers. p. 189b. Szydlov. 11 p. 44) al. Ioh. Boen ars 2, 19, 6. al. Ioh. Boen mus. 1, 13. al. Quat. princ. 2, 4, p. 207b. al. Anon. Michaelb. I p. 44. al. Willelm. 2, 8. al. Goscalc. 1, 1 p. 34, 2. Goscalc. 1, 1 p. 36, 5. al. Heinr. Eger 2 p. 36. Heinr. Eger 5 p. 50. al. Trad. Holl. I p. 162. al. Ioh. Vetul. 1, 21. Compil. Ticin. p. 20 (sim. Trad. Holl. VI 14, 1). al. Anon. Ellsworth 4 p. 224, 3. Anon. Grac. p. 18: In terra namque si ⋅Γ⋅ gamma, in luna ⋅A⋅, in Mercurio ⋅B⋅, in Venere ⋅C⋅, in sole ⋅D⋅, in Marte ⋅E⋅, in Iove ⋅F⋅, in Saturno ⋅G⋅ ponitur. (cf. LmL col. 269, 15) Henr. Zel. p. 114b. al. Ps.-Mur. mod. p. 100a. Interv. Diatessaron p. 151. Anon. Erford. p. 161. Compil. Lips. p. 130. Anon. Carthus. p. 437a. al. Anon. Seay p. 21. al. Anon. Monac. II 42. al.
[s.XV]
Ioh. Olom. 2 p. 5: secundum numerum planetarum in musica septem sunt litterae seu figurae, scilicet ⋅a⋅b⋅c⋅d⋅e⋅f⋅g⋅. al. Ioh. Cicon. mus. 1, 17 p. 78, 11. al. Iac. Twing. p. 100. al. Iac. Theat. 1. al. Nicol. Cap. p. 311. al. Gob. Pers. p. 182b. al. Ioh. Floess 57. al. Anon. Claudifor. 1, 3, 3. al. Ugol. Urb. 1, 7, 6: litterae septem, scilicet ⋅A⋅⋅C⋅D⋅E⋅F⋅G⋅. al. Tact. Prima est 18. Tact. Concordanciarum p. 167, 21. al. Georg. Ans. 3, 8. al. Ps.-Guido corr. p. 52b. al. Anon. Philad. 8. al. Arn. Zwoll. p. 26. Arn. Zwoll. add. p. 37. Arn. Zwoll. add. p. 52. al. Ioh. Keck 3 p. 326a. Trad. March. p. 927. al. Petr. Talh. p. 7 descr. al. Trad. Holl. II 40 p. 6 (p. 418a). al. Vers. Imparitas p. 152 (p. 467b). Vers. Primus habet 25 p. 160 (p. 471a). al. Ton. Trev. p. 161 (p. 471b). al. Trad. Holl. III 1 p. 16. al. Ioh. Legr. rit. 2, 1, 2, 23: notae quadrae, quibus nunc utimur, nihil praeter illas septem repraesentant litteras ⋅A⋅♮⋅C⋅D⋅E⋅F⋅G⋅. al. Trad. Holl. VI 13, 7. al. Tact. Sequitur p. 56. Conr. Zab. tract. Ↄ 1: hae litterae sive claves a musicis in suum usum assumptae sunt: primae septem litteris communis alphabeti, scilicet ⋅a⋅b⋅c⋅d⋅e⋅f⋅g⋅. Et sunt signanter septem ad similitudinem septem dierum hebdomadae. Conr. Zab. tract. p. 240 - 241 descr. al. Clavic. Ad faciendum p. 229, 9. al. Ioh. Tinct. diff. 3: ⋅C⋅ est clavis locorum ⋅c⋅faut, ⋅c⋅solfaut, ⋅c⋅solfa. al. Ioh. Legr. tac. p. 420 descr. al. Tab. Catan. p. 146. al. Guil. Dufay p. 388. Fr. Gafur. extr. 4, 1, 4 - 6. al. Ioh. Tinct. exp. 3, 4. al. Bart. Ram. 1, 1, 3 p. 9: Ex his manifestatur illorum error, qui male ordiuntur - inchoant namque sic: Viginti sunt litterae: ⋅Γ⋅A⋅B⋅C⋅D⋅E⋅F⋅G⋅a⋅b⋅c⋅d⋅e⋅f⋅g⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅. al. Ioh. Hoth. exc. p. 46. al. Ioh. Hoth. dial. p. 64 sq. Nicol. Burt. 1, 13, 80. al. Guil. mon. 5 p. 30. al. Bonav. Brix. 7, 2. al. Adam Fuld. 2, 4. al. Lad. Zalk. A 29. al. Fr. Gafur. theor. 5, 6. al. Guill. Pod. 5, 7. Guill. Pod. 5, 12. al. Fr. Gafur. pract. 1, 4. Mich. Keinsp. ton. 106. Compend. mus. 18. al. Anon. Couss. I p. 434 descr. Anon. La Fage III p. 243. Szydlov. 2 p. 12. al. Anon. Tegerns. III p. 102. Contr. Quatuor sunt p. 410a. al. Contr. Species plani 14. Mon. Ad inveniendum p. 223, 21 descr. Mon. Cum primum 3. al. Mon. Divide gamma p. 141, 2. al. Mon. Esto linea p. 144, 4. al. Mon. Figure p. 174, 3. al. Mon. Gamma novem p. 109. Mon. In mon. mensura p. 134, 18. al. Mon. In primis ad levam p. 172, 5. al. Mon. Iste p. 237, 16-17. Mon. Mon. disparat. 3. al. Mon. Mon. regulare p. 179, 27. al. Mon. Partire gamma p.140, 1. al. Mon. Qui desideras p. 91. Mon. Si vis facere p. 173, 9. al. Fist. Cuprum pur. 33 p. 58. Fist. Mensuram et 15 p. 95: loco decimo, ... qui ⋅C⋅ littera notatur. al.
b auf die Stellung im System bezogen with reference to a position in the system: gravissima ⋅C⋅, ⋅C⋅ inferior - ⋅c⋅ media - ⋅c⋅ superior
[s.X]
Odo Aret. II p. 85a: ⋅C⋅ litteram, que apud veteres tertia habebatur. Ps.-Odo mus. p. 268a: octavum (sc. /Bd. 1, Sp. 271/ signum) ⋅a⋅, nonum ⋅b⋅, decimum ⋅⋅, undecimum vero ⋅c⋅. al. Ps.-Odo dial. p. 253b: pro voce tertia ⋅C⋅ litteram scribe. Ps.-Odo dial. p. 263a: gravissima ⋅C⋅. Ps.-Odo dial. p. 264b: Decima (sc. voce) vero ⋅c⋅ ad similitudinem tertiae ⋅C⋅. al. Guido ep. p. 46b. al. Hermann. mus. p. 34 (p. 133a): ⋅c⋅ vero media.
[s.XI]
Frut. brev. 8 p. 59: ad ⋅c⋅ superiorem intendas. Frut. brev. 8 p. 60: ad ⋅C⋅ inferiorem erit modus descensionis. al. Quaest. mus. 1, 15 p. 35. al.
[s.XII]
Ton. Gratianop. p. 23. al. Ton. Nivern. f. 141v p. 120. al.
[s.XIII]
Amerus 15, 2: ⋅Γ⋅ Grecum g et est vox prima, ⋅a⋅ secunda, ⋅b⋅ tercia, ⋅c⋅ quarta, ... ⋅c⋅ duodecima. al. Engelb. Adm. 4, 26: prima ⋅A⋅ concordat cum quarta ⋅D⋅, ... ⋅C⋅ tercia cum ⋅F⋅ sexta.
[s.XIV]
Iac. Leod. comp. 2, 8, 9. al. Iac. Leod. spec. 2, 118, 3: ad ⋅c⋅ sextam decimam, quae est ⋅c⋅solfa. al. Anon. Michaelb. I p. 47: tertia ⋅C⋅, ... undecima ⋅c⋅, ... decima octava ⋅⋅.
[s.XV]
Trad. March. p. 927. Fr. Gafur. extr. 3, 8, 2: tertia ⋅c⋅ parhypateypaton, ... decima ⋅c⋅ tritediezeumenon. Bonav. Brix. 15, 18. Fr. Gafur. theor. 5, 7: in quarta introductorii corda scilicet ⋅C⋅faut. ibid.: ad undecimam (sc. cordam) scilicet ⋅C⋅solfaut. al. Guill. Pod. 1, 21. al.
c auf das griechische System bezogen (für parhypate hypaton - trite diezeugmenon, paranete synemmenon - [epiparanete diahyperboleon]) with reference to the Greek system (for parhypate hypaton - trite diezeugmenon, paranete synemmenon - [epiparanete diahyperboleon])
[s.IX-X]
Hucbald. 40: ⋅C⋅ trite diezeugmenon (additio posterior). Hucbald. 41: ⋅c⋅ lichanos ypaton (additio posterior ex errore).
[s.XI]
Berno prol. p. 70a (H 2 p. 34): [⋅C⋅, id est parhypate hypaton]. Berno prol. p. 70b (H 13 p. 34): [⋅c⋅, quae est trite diezeugmenon]. al. Aribo 2 p. 11: ⋅C⋅, ... quod idem iuxta Boetium est ... parhypate hypaton. Aribo 4 p. 11: ⋅c⋅ ... Idem est Boetii ... trite diezeugmenon. (inde Quaest. mus. 1, 6 p. 16) Ton. Aug. p. 97a. Ton. Aug. p. 113a. al. Cant. In defect. p. 88. Frut. brev. 13 p. 97: Tertia parhypate hypaton ⋅C⋅ signata proprie principalium principem est interpretata. Frut. brev. 13 p. 98: Trite diezeugmenon quippe, quae post paramesen locatur et in eo ordine decima computatur, ⋅c⋅ inscribitur et tertia disiunctarum dicitur. al. Frut. ton. p. 118. Frut. ton. p. 150. al. Anon. Wolf p. 197. al. Ioh. Cott. mus. 13, 19. al.
[s.XIV]
March. luc. 15, 1, 11: ⋅c⋅ paranete synemenon. al. Iac. Leod. spec. 5, 17, 20. Iac. Leod. spec. 6, 13, 16. al. Heinr. Eger 2 p. 38. Anon. Ellsworth 3 p. 198 sqq. (cf. Boeth. mus. 1, 20).
[s.XV]
Ioh. Cicon. mus. 1, 21 p. 98 descr. al. Gob. Pers. p. 183a. Ugol. Urb. 1, 6, 5. al. Ioh. Legr. rit. 1, 3, 3, 8: parhypate hypaton ⋅C⋅ primum. Ioh. Legr. rit. 1, 3, 3, 10: trite diezeugmenon ⋅C⋅ secundum. Tab. Catan. p. 142: ⋅C⋅solfa perones hyperboleon (ex errore). al. Fr. Gafur. extr. 3, 8, 2: tertia ⋅c⋅ parhypateypaton, ... decima ⋅c⋅ tritediezeumenon. al. Bart. Ram. 1, 1, 3 p. 10 descr. Adam Fuld. 2, 9 descr.: circa principem principalium ⋅C⋅ parhypate hypaton. ibid.: prima acutarum ⋅c⋅ trite diezeugmenon. ibid.: Iuxta primam superexcellentium ⋅⋅ epiparanete diahyperboleon. Fr. Gafur. theor. 5, 8. Guill. Pod. 2, 12: Decima ⋅c⋅, quia tertia huius ordinis est intendendo, lycanos synemenon, vel quia iuxta ultimam coniunctarum posita, paranete synemenon vocata fuit. Guill. Pod. 3, 13: tryte dyezeumenon, vel paranete synemenon, que est ⋅c⋅. al.
d auf das Oktavsystem bezogen with reference to the octave system: ⋅C⋅ gravis (-e) (gravissima), ⋅C⋅ primum - ⋅c⋅ acuta (-um), ⋅c⋅ inferior (-ius), ⋅c⋅ secundum, c alta - ⋅⋅ superacuta (-um), ⋅c⋅ superior (-ius), ⋅⋅ excellens, ⋅⋅ peracuta, ⋅⋅ tertium, ⋅C⋅ ultimum - ⋅C⋅ quartum - ⋅C⋅ quintum /Bd. 1, Sp. 272/
[s.XI]
Berno prol. p. 70b (H 8 p. 34): [ad ⋅c⋅ acutam ... intendas]. Guido micr. 2, 4: septem alphabeti litterae graves ... ⋅A⋅B⋅C⋅D⋅E⋅F⋅G⋅. Post has eaedem septem litterae acutae repetuntur, ... ita: ⋅a⋅b⋅⋅c⋅d⋅e⋅f⋅g⋅. Addimus his ... tetrachordum superacutarum, ... ita: ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅. Guido micr. 13, 22: ⋅a⋅h⋅c⋅ acutas. Guido ep. p. 46a. Hermann. mus. p. 34 (p. 133a): diatesseron ⋅c⋅f⋅ in superioribus. Comm. Guid. 48 p. 103: ⋅A⋅ gravis idem est cum ⋅a⋅ acuta, ... et ⋅C⋅ cum ⋅c⋅. Comm. Guid. 33 p. 142: ⋅c⋅ superius. al. Ton. Aug. p. 130b. al. Anon. Lips. p. 157. al. Vers. Ars est 9. al. Vers. Quisquis velis 16. Dietker p. 65. Ps.-Osbern. 104. Quaest. mus. 2, 25 p. 92: tam graves quam acutas ⋅C D⋅E⋅c d⋅e⋅. al. Theog. Mett. 12,1 (p. 187a). al. Ioh. Cott. mus. 11, 23. al.
[s.XII]
Trad. Guid. 1: Graves ⋅A⋅B⋅C⋅D⋅E⋅F⋅G⋅. Acutae ⋅a⋅b⋅⋅c⋅d⋅e⋅f⋅g⋅. Excellentes ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅. al. Udalsc. 28. al. Guido Aug. 55. al. Ton. Parkm. p. 107. Anon. Cist. I 96 p. 33. al. Anon. Cist. II 1151A. al. Anon. La Fage I 7, 36. al. Anon. Pannain p. 110. al. Ton. Vatic. 12, 3 p. 193. al. Mod. Notandum est 2.
[s.XIII]
Anon. Lovan. p. 485b: in ⋅c⋅ acuta et in ⋅⋅ superacuta. al. Disc. Quicumque II 1, 10: ⋅c⋅solfaut acutum. Disc. Quicumque II 1, 19: ⋅⋅solfa superacutum. al. Mus. man. 22, 3. al. Metrol. 33 p. 71: Item in his duabus litteris ⋅C⋅faut gravi et ⋅c⋅solfaut acuta incipit cantus per propriam vocem. al. Ioh. Garl. plan. p. 159b. al. Disc. pos. vulg. p. 191, 15. al. Ton. Franc. p. 119b. al. Amerus 2, 21: in ⋅c⋅ et ⋅f⋅ acutum. Amerus 8, 19: ⋅c⋅ grave. Amerus 13, 10: in ⋅a⋅ et ⋅c⋅ acutas. Amerus 22, 15: ad ⋅c⋅ grave (ed.: gravi). al. Lambertus p. 259a. al. Hier. Mor. 13 p. 57, 26. al. Ps.-Thomas Aqu. II p. 32: ⋅c⋅ acutum. ibid.:c⋅ superacuta. al. Anon. Couss. IV p. 71, 8. al. Vers. Postquam pro 106. al. Ioh. Groch. 231. Ps.-Mur. summa 810: claves ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅, et dicuntur peracute, quia sunt acutiores acutis. al. Engelb. Adm. 2, 1: inter ⋅C⋅solfaut inferius et ⋅c⋅solfa superius. al. Walt. Odingt. 5, 4, 49. al.
[s.XIV]
March. luc. 11, 4, 204. al. Phil. Vitr. 6, 3: <⋅C⋅>, cuius medietas sit aliud ⋅c⋅ et istius medietatis medietas sit tertium ⋅⋅. al. Iac. Leod. cons. 11: Diapason est consonantia, quae inter unisonos a qualibet littera ad sibi similem elevatur, sicut de ⋅C⋅ gravi in ⋅C⋅faut ad ⋅c⋅ acutam in ⋅c⋅solfaut; similiter est in aliis. al. Iac. Leod. comp. 2, 5, 21. al. Iac. Leod. spec. 5, 21, 12: inter ⋅C⋅ gravem et ⋅⋅ superacutam continetur bis diapason. Hugo Spechtsh. 529. Summ. Guid. 243. al. Quat. princ. 2, 6 p. 208b. al. Anon. Michaelb. I p. 44. al. Willelm. 2, 8. Goscalc. 1, 4 p. 52, 20. al. Heinr. Eger 5 p. 50. al. Trad. Holl. I p. 168. al. Compil. Ticin. p. 24. Henr. Zel. p. 115a. al. Ps.-Mur. mod. p. 102a. Cart. plan. 8. al. Compil. Lips. p. 135. Anon. Carthus. p. 446 descr. al. Anon. La Fage II p. 424. al. Anon. Seay p. 23. al. Anon. Monac. II 30. al.
[s.XV]
Ioh. Olom. 4 p. 12. al. Ioh. Cicon. mus. 1, 19 p. 82, 10. al. Prosd. mon. 3, 5: primum ⋅C⋅. Prosd. mon. 5, 7: secundum ⋅C⋅. al. Iac. Theat. 22: ⋅C⋅ gravissima in radice indicis, ⋅c⋅ acuta in summitate anularis, ⋅⋅ superacuta in secunda iuntura eius. al. Nicol. Cap. p. 311. al. Gob. Pers. p. 189a. al. Prosd. spec. p. 733. al. Ugol. Urb. 1, 17, 3: ⋅C⋅ grave vel primum. Ugol. Urb. 2, 31, 6: quintadecima in fa ⋅C⋅ secundi ad fa ⋅C⋅ quarti reperitur, et a fa tertii ⋅C⋅ ad fa quinti ⋅C⋅. al. Phil. Cas. contr. 36. Georg. Ans. 3, 11. al. Ps.-Guido corr. p. 51b. al. Ioh. Keck 3 p. 323b. al. Ton. Subl. p. 55, 1: ⋅c⋅ grave. Ton. Subl. p. 57, 1: ⋅c⋅ acutum. Ton. Subl. p. 61, 2: ⋅c⋅ superacutum. al. Trad. March. p. 928. Trad. Holl. II 49 p. 8 (p. 418b). al. Ton. Trev. p. 160 (p. 471a). al. Mod. Not. quotiensc. 1 p. 170 (p. 474a) Trad. Holl. III 5 p. 36. Ioh. Legr. rit. 2, 1, 2, 2: ⋅C⋅ grave, ... ⋅C⋅ acutum. al. Trad. Holl. VI 8, 11. al. Conr. Zab. tract. Y 4: sub ⋅C⋅ tertio sive ultimo. /Bd. 1, Sp. 273/ al. Fr. Gafur. extr. 6, 11, 10. al. Ioh. Tinct. exp. 3, 20 descr. al. Bart. Ram. 1, 2, 1 p. 27: Signabimus igitur nunc duplicem diapason, unam a littera ⋅C⋅ in ⋅c⋅ acutam et aliam ab eadem in ⋅⋅ superacutam. al. Ioh. Hoth. contr. II 8. Nicol. Burt. 1, 16, 94: mediae ⋅a⋅b⋅c⋅d⋅e⋅f⋅g⋅. Nicol. Burt. 1, 21, 123: ⋅c⋅ acutum. al. Guil. mon. 9 p. 56: in ⋅C⋅solfaut acuto. al. Bonav. Brix. 14, 100: ad secundum ⋅C⋅. ibid.: ad tertium ⋅C⋅. Bonav. Brix. 14, 103: a primo ⋅C⋅. Bonav. Brix. 15, 49: in ⋅C⋅ gravi. Bonav. Brix. 15, 74: ⋅C⋅ acutum. Bonav. Brix. 27, 19: inter ⋅C⋅ et ⋅D⋅ superacutum. al. Lad. Zalk. A 51. Lad. Zalk. A 54 descr. al. Fr. Gafur. theor. 5, 8. Guill. Pod. 4, 5. al. Fr. Gafur. pract. 1, 3. al. Mich. Keinsp. 4, 21. al. Compend. mus. 59: ⋅C⋅ grave et primum. ibid.:c⋅ acutum et secundum. ibid.:⋅ superacutum et tertium. al. Anon. La Fage III p. 242. al. Szydlov. 2 p. 13 sq. Szydlov. 3 p. 16: in primo ⋅C⋅faut. Clavic. B-C. Contr. Notandum est p. 47. Mon. A magada p. 208, 5-6: Ab ⋅C⋅ usque ad finem per medium metire et invenies altam c . Mon. Divide primo p. 224, 2. al. Mon. Dividitur p. 178, 9. (?) Mon. Primo accipe p. 220, 3. Mon. Qui desideras p. 92. Organistr. A magada p. 209, 9. Organistr. Organicam p. 208, 2. Organistr. Pone p. 216, 2. al. Organistr. Si org. p. 213, 8. al. Organistr. Volens p. 206, 13: c acutam, quae dyapason cum C gravi sonat. al. Fist. Ad fistulas 17 p. 132: ⋅c⋅ excellens. al. Fist. Formata prima 3 p. 135. al.
e auf das Tetrachordsystem bezogen with reference to the tetrachord system: ⋅C⋅ grave, c acutum, ⋅c⋅ affinalis
[s.XI]
Hermann. mus. p. 27 (p. 130a): tercia (sc. diatesseron species) ex tercia gravi et ex tercia finali, ⋅C⋅F⋅. Hermann. mus. p. 31 (p. 131b): tercia (sc. diapason species)Cc⋅, ex tercia gravi et ex tercia superiori. al. Willeh. Hirs. 10 (c. 9), 18: superiorum tertia ⋅c⋅. al. Aribo 17 p. 26: tercia gravium ⋅C⋅. al. Comm. Guid. 79 p. 123: in ⋅c⋅ affinali. al. Frut. brev. 7 p. 53: superiorum tertia ⋅c⋅. Ps.-Osbern. 52. al. Anon. Wolf p. 218. al. Ioh. Cott. mus. 5, 16.
[s.XII]
Anon. Pannain p. 409. al. [ s .XIII] Hier. Mor. 13 p. 57, 19. Anon. Ratisb. 8, 1, 1: primus tonus quatuor habet usitata principia, scilicet ⋅c⋅, ⋅d⋅ et ⋅g⋅ finales et ⋅a⋅ acutam. al. Engelb. Adm. 4, 34: ⋅C⋅faut, tertiam gravium, usque ad ⋅c⋅solfaut, tertiam superiorum diapasonice respondentem. al.
[s.XIV]
Iac. Leod. spec. 6, 26, 1. al. Anon. Carthus. p. 447 descr.
[s.XV]
Ioh. Floess 57 descr. Ioh. Floess 151: ⋅c⋅ acuta affinalis. Ioh. Floess 202: ⋅⋅ geminata excellens. (cf. Cahn, Floess p. 25). al. Anon. Claudifor. 1, 5 descr.: graves ⋅Γ⋅A⋅B (ms.; ed.: H) C ; finales: ⋅D⋅E⋅F⋅G⋅; acutae: ⋅a⋅b c d⋅; superacutae: ⋅ee⋅ff⋅gg⋅aa⋅; excellentes: ⋅bb cc dd⋅. al. Trad. Holl. II 56 p. 9 (p. 419a): primae quattuor claves, scilicet ⋅G⋅ grave cum ⋅C⋅ (ms. et ed.: ⋅Γ⋅) dicuntur graves ... Sequentes vero quattuor, scilicet ⋅D⋅E⋅F⋅G⋅, dicuntur finales, ... sequuntur quatuor, scilicet ⋅a⋅b⋅c⋅d⋅, quae dici possunt afinales, ... quattuor claves ... scilicet ⋅e⋅f⋅g⋅⋅, dicuntur acutae, ... ultimae quattuor, scilicet ⋅b⋅c⋅d⋅e⋅, dicuntur excelentes. al. Man. Guid. p. 149 (p. 466) descr.: Affinales vel acutae communiter: ⋅a⋅b⋅c⋅d⋅ ... Rarissime duplicatae seu excellentes: ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅. Trad. Holl. III 9 p. 60: in ⋅C⋅ gravi aut in ⋅D⋅ finali. al. Trad. Holl. IV 70. Conr. Zab. tract. GG 4: a ⋅Γ⋅ usque ad ⋅C⋅ inclusive propter soni, quem reddunt gravitatem, graves dicuntur. Conr. Zab. tract. p. 240 - 241 descr.: graves: ⋅Γ⋅A⋅B⋅C⋅; finales: ⋅D⋅E⋅F⋅G⋅; acutae (hic incipiunt organistae geminare litteras): ⋅a⋅b⋅⋅c⋅d⋅; superacutae: ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅; excellentes: ⋅⋅⋅<⋅⋅⋅>⋅e⋅. Lad. Zalk. A 52: ⋅Γ⋅A⋅B⋅C⋅ dicuntur graves. Lad. Zalk. A 54 descr.: ⋅a⋅bh⋅c⋅d⋅ affinales vel acutae ... ⋅bh⋅⋅⋅⋅ excellentes. al. Mich. Keinsp. 3, 29 descr. Szydlov. 2 p. 14: ⋅a⋅b⋅c⋅d⋅, et dicuntur affinales, quasi confinales, id est situate circa finales, et ut in eis frequenter /Bd. 1, Sp. 274/ quilibet cantus transpositus debet terminari. Mon. A gamma p. 138, 2. al. Mon. Dividitur p. 178, 9. (?)
f auf das Solmisationssystem bezogen with reference to the system of solmisation: ⋅C⋅faut - ⋅c⋅solfaut - ⋅c⋅solfa
[s.XI]
Ps.-Osbern. 53 (additio posterior?). Ps.-Osbern. 61 (additio posterior?).
[s.XII]
Trad. Guid. 1 descr.: ⋅C⋅faut ... ⋅c⋅solfaut ... ⋅⋅fa (additio posterior?). Mut. Γma ut 4: ⋅C⋅faut. ⋅C⋅ clavis est, faut due dictiones, fa ascendendo et descendendo, ut per descensum invenitur. Mut. Γma ut 11: ⋅c⋅solfaut. ⋅c⋅ clavis est, solfaut tres dictiones. Fa ascendendo et descendendo naturaliter, sol ascendendo et descendendo per rotundum ⋅b⋅, ut per descensum invenitur.
[s.XIII]
Anon. Lovan. p. 493a. al. Disc. Quicumque II 1, 10. Metrol. 31 p. 70. al. Ioh. Garl. plan. p. 159b: ⋅C⋅faut in spatio habet unam clavem et duas voces; ⋅C⋅ est clavis, fa et ut sunt due voces. al. Ioh. Aegid. 5, 2. al. Amerus 5, 24: ⋅C⋅faut habet duas notas et duas mutaciones: fa ut ascendendo, ut fa descendendo. al. Elias Sal. 7 p. 22 descr. al. Lambertus p. 254b. al. Trad. Lamb. 2, 4, 7. Anon. Emmeram. 5 p. 274, 21. Hier. Mor. 10 p. 47, 12. al. Anon. Ratisb. 2, 26. al. Ps.-Thomas Aqu. II p. 37. Ioh. Groch. 90. al. Ps.-Mur. summa 744: ⋅c⋅solfaut: ⋅c⋅ nomen clavis est; sol, fa et ut sunt note, que eidem debentur, sol longe inferioribus, fa prope inferioribus, ut superioribus famulatur. Ps.-Mur. summa 1165: notificabant enim per colores: ⋅c⋅solfaut per citrinum, ⋅a⋅lamire per viridem, ⋅F⋅faut per rubeum ostendentes. al. Engelb. Adm. 1, 9. Engelb. Adm. 4, 14: ⋅C⋅faut respondentem diapasonice ad ⋅c⋅solfaut. al.
[s.XIV]
March. luc. 8, 2, 5. al. Phil. Vitr. 10, 15. al. Iac. Leod. cons. 60. al. Iac. Leod. inton. 1, 42. al. Iac. Leod. spec. 2, 14, 24: Sicut se habet fa de ⋅C⋅faut ad sol de ⋅c⋅solfaut, ita se habet ut de ⋅C⋅faut ad fa de ⋅c⋅solfaut, bona est comparatio et vera proportionalitas; utrobique enim inter voces illas comparatas est diapason. Iac. Leod. spec. 2, 14, 27: septem ... claves, quae in compositione gammatis vel monochordi nostri vocantur: ⋅A⋅re, ⋅B⋅mi, ⋅C⋅faut, ⋅D⋅solre, ⋅E⋅lami, ⋅F⋅faut, ⋅G⋅solreut. Hugo Spechtsh. 33: Gammaut ac ⋅A⋅re ⋅B⋅mi pollex sociare / vult, in radice post ⋅C⋅faut indicis esse. al. Summ. Guid. 219. al. Ioh. Boen ars 2, 19, 15. al. Ioh. Boen mus. 1, 63. al. Quat. princ. 3, 2 p. 219b. al. Goscalc. 1, 1 p. 34, 10. al. Heinr. Eger 2 p. 36. al. Trad. Holl. I p. 165. al. Compil. Ticin. p. 22. Trad. Pipudi p. 46. Anon. Ellsworth 3 p. 210. Ps.-Mur. mod. p. 100b. Cart. plan. 7. Compil. Lips. p. 130. al. Anon. Carthus. p. 437a. al. Anon. Seay p. 22. al. Compil. Lond. p. 78: ⋅C⋅fa. Anon. Monac. II 3. al. Anon. Vratisl. p. 336b.
[s.XV]
Ioh. Olom. 2 p. 7: ⋅c⋅solfaut in summitate annularis in linea. al. Iac. Twing. p. 100. al. Iac. Theat. 5. al. Nicol. Cap. p. 325. al. Nicol. Cos. p. 12: ⋅ce⋅faut. al. Gob. Pers. p. 182a. al. Ioh. Floess 2. al. Anon. Claudifor. 1, 5 descr. al. Ugol. Urb. 1, 8, 2. Ugol. Urb. 2, 34, 53 - 57. Ugol. Urb. 2, 34, 71: per hanc fictam musicam in ⋅A⋅ dicimus ut, in ⋅B⋅⋅ re, in ⋅C⋅ mi, et cetera. al. Phil. Cas. contr. 35 descr. al. Tact. Concordanciarum p. 169, 9: ⋅a⋅lamire habet 3am depressam scilicet ⋅c⋅solfaut, elevatam vero semitonium supra ⋅c⋅solfaut. al. Anon. Philad. 19. al. Arn. Zwoll. p. 11. al. Petr. Talh. p. 11. al. Trad. Holl. II 76 p. 11 (p. 420a): in ⋅C⋅solfa nullus cantus incipitur, eo quod omnis cantus incipitur ab ut, sed in ⋅C⋅solfa nullum ponitur ut. al. Man. Guid. p. 150 (p. 466). al. Mod. Not. quotiensc. 1 p. 170 (p. 474a). Trad. Holl. III 1 p. 17. al. Cant. pass. p. 132. Ioh. Legr. rit. 2, 2, 2, 11: ⋅C⋅ gravi fa. al. Trad. Holl. VI 15, 8. al. Conr. Zab. tract. V 2. al. Ioh. Tinct. diff. 3: ⋅C⋅faut est spacium, cuius clavis est ⋅c⋅ et in quo duae voces, scilicet fa et ut canuntur, fa per ⋅b⋅ durum ex loco ⋅Γ⋅ut, et ut per naturam ex loco proprio. ibid.: /Bd. 1, Sp. 275/ C⋅solfa est spacium, cuius clavis est ⋅c⋅ et in quo duae voces, scilicet sol et fa canuntur, sol per ⋅b⋅ molle ex loco ⋅f⋅faut acuto et fa per ⋅b⋅ durum ex loco ⋅g⋅solreut acuto. ibid.:C⋅solfaut est linea, cuius clavis est ⋅c⋅ et in qua tres voces, scilicet sol fa et ut canuntur, sol per ⋅b⋅ molle ex loco ⋅f⋅faut gravi, fa per ⋅b⋅ durum ex loco ⋅g⋅solreut gravi et ut, per naturam ex loco proprio. al. Tab. Catan. p. 142. al. Fr. Gafur. extr. 3, 8, 5. Fr. Gafur. extr. 9, 1, 7. al. Ioh. Tinct. nat. 2, 11. al. Ioh. Tinct. contr. 2, 11. al. Ioh. Tinct. exp. 2, 6. Ioh. Tinct. exp. 2, 13. Ioh. Tinct. exp. 2, 20. al. Bart. Ram. 1, 2, 6 p. 41. al. (inde Ioh. Hoth. exc. p. 27. al.) Guil. mon. 5 p. 31. al. Bonav. Brix. 7, 4. Adam Fuld. 2, 4. al. Lad. Zalk. A 28. al. Fr. Gafur. theor. 5, 6. al. Guill. Pod. 5, 13. al. Fr. Gafur. pract. 1, 3. al. Mich. Keinsp. 3, 29 descr. al. Erasm. Hor. p. 90a. al. Compend. mus. 90. Anon. Couss. I p. 447a. al. Szydlov. 2 p. 15. al. Clavic. A-C. Contr. Ad sc. artem p. 69a. Contr. Species plani 49. Mon. A primo p. 215, 16. al. Mon. Ab F p. 182, 2. al. Mon. Compendiosam p. 181, 7-8. Mon. Dividitur p. 178, 7. al. Mon. Esto linea p. 144, 4. al. Mon. Fac lineam p. 183, 4. al. Mon. Longitudinem p. 150, 15. al. Mon. Medietas p. 143, 2. al. Fist. Ad fistulas 5 p. 132. al. Fist. ad secundum 2 p. 135. Fist. Si quis 2 p. 140. al.
g auf die Schreibweise bezogen with reference to the character of script: ⋅C⋅ magnum (maior), ⋅C⋅ grossum, ⋅C⋅ capitale - ⋅c⋅ parvum, ⋅c⋅ minuta (-um) - ⋅⋅ duplicatum (duplex, duplum), ⋅⋅ geminum (geminata, -um)
[s.XI]
Ton. Aug. p. 130b: ⋅cc⋅ scilicet duplicatam.
[s.XIII]
Hier. Mor. 23 p. 171, 13: a ⋅g⋅solreut minutum in ⋅⋅solfa duplicatum. Anon. Ratisb. 2, 26. al. Anon. Ratisb. 2, 2: litterae, quae capitales scribi debent: ⋅A⋅B⋅C⋅D⋅E⋅F⋅G⋅. Consequenter vero ponuntur eaedem litterae, scilicet ⋅a⋅b⋅c⋅d⋅e⋅f⋅g⋅, quae minutae vocantur. Anon. Ratisb. 2, 8: tres addere, quae geminatae vocantur, scilicet ⋅⋅⋅⋅. Interv. Sit -O 3: ⋅c⋅d⋅ parva vel acuta. Interv. Sit -O 4: ⋅C⋅D⋅ magna vel gravia. Interv. Sit -O 19: ⋅cc⋅dd⋅ duplicia. al. Anon. Paris. III 37: magnum ⋅C⋅o⋅, cuius medietas sic sit parvum ⋅c⋅o⋅ et istius medietas sit ultimum ⋅c⋅o⋅. al.
[s.XIV]
Hugo Spechtsh. 196: ⋅C⋅ grossum. al. Anon. Michaelb. I p. 47. Trad. Holl. I p. 168: ⋅c⋅ minutum acutum ... ⋅cc⋅ geminum superacutum.
[s.XV]
Ioh. Floess 202: ⋅⋅ geminata excellens (cf. Cahn, Floess p. 25). al. Anon. Claudifor. 1, 5 descr.: capitales: ⋅A⋅B⋅ (ms.; ed.: H) C D⋅E⋅F⋅G⋅; minutae: ⋅a⋅b c d⋅; duplicatae: ⋅ee⋅ff⋅gg⋅aa⋅bb cc dd⋅. Anon. Claudifor. 2, 17, 3: cc autem est littera geminata. Trad. Holl. II 54 p. 9 (p. 419a). Man. Guid. p. 149 (p. 466) descr.: Rarissime duplicatae seu excellentes: ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅. Trad. Holl. III 3 p. 26 descr.: ⋅aa⋅bb⋅hh⋅cc⋅dd⋅ (glossa: duplicate excellentes). Trad. Holl. III 5 p. 38: in ⋅cc⋅ duplo superacuto. Trad. Holl. III 9 p. 71: in ⋅C⋅ gravi capitali. al. Trad. Holl. VI 37, 9: et sunt 3s (sc. affinales), scilicet ⋅a⋅ acuta minuta, ⋅⋅ quadrum et c minuta. al. Conr. Zab. tract. CC 3 - 5. al. Adam Fuld. 2, 9. Lad. Zalk. A 54 descr. Erasm. Hor. p. 91a: In omni tabulatura instrumentali ponuntur litterae simplices secundum schalam solmisationis Latinorum, ut ⋅Γ⋅G⋅ vel ⋅G⋅ cum punctis ante. Dehinc ⋅A⋅ grossum, vel ⋅a⋅ parvum cum puncto ante. Dehinc simplices ⋅c⋅d⋅e⋅f⋅g⋅b⋅a⋅ et dehinc ⋅c⋅ cum titello ⋅defgb ⋅ usque ad ⋅cc⋅. Dehinc ⋅dd⋅ et ⋅ee⋅. Erasm. Hor. p. 91b descr. cf. Kroyer, Heritius p. 119 sq. Szydlov. 5 p. 25: ⋅cc⋅ geminatum. Mon. In mon. mensura p. 134, 23: maiori C .
h auf die Funktion im Tonartensystem bezogen with reference to function in the system of modes: initialis ⋅C⋅ - mediatrix ⋅c⋅, ⋅c⋅ affinalis
[s.XIII]
Mus. man. 41, 19 descr. Mus. man. 41, 40: Habes /Bd. 1, Sp. 276/ nihilominus in sexta linea (sc. descriptionis) quintum tonum iuxta mediatricem ⋅F⋅ et sextum iuxta initialem ⋅C⋅. Habes tandem in septima linea sextum tonum iuxta mediatricem ⋅c⋅, septimum vero secundum initialem ⋅G⋅. al. Amerus 22, 22: ⋅a⋅b⋅c⋅d⋅ confinales et affinales vel consociales sunt.
[s.XV]
Trad. Holl. II 58 p. 9 (p. 419a): sequuntur quattuor, scilicet ⋅a⋅b⋅c⋅d⋅, quae dici possunt afinales. Trad. Holl. II 21 p. 42 (p. 431a): in ⋅a⋅b⋅c⋅d⋅ acutis, id est in ⋅a⋅lamire, ⋅b⋅fa ⋅b⋅mi, ⋅c⋅solfaut, ⋅d⋅lasolre, quae alio nomine dicuntur affinales. Man. Guid. p. 149 (p. 467) descr.: Affinales vel acutae communiter: ⋅a⋅b⋅c⋅d⋅. Lad. Zalk. A 52: ⋅a⋅b⋅c⋅d⋅, quae dici possunt affinales. ibid.: ultimae quatuor, scilicet ⋅b⋅c⋅d⋅e⋅ dicuntur excellentes. Lad. Zalk. A 54 descr.: ⋅a⋅bh⋅c⋅d⋅ affinales vel acutae ... ⋅bh⋅⋅⋅⋅ excellentes. Lad. Zalk. B 46: ⋅f⋅ finale, ⋅a⋅ et ⋅c⋅ affinales. al. Szydlov. 9 p. 39: in ⋅c⋅ accuto seu affinali. al.
i im Skalenausschnitt (H) C -  (c - ff) (auch chromatisch erweitert) in Mensuren (vor allem von Tasteninstrumenten und Glocken in the segment of scale (H) C -  (c) (sometimes chromatically further subdivided) in measurements (especially of keyboard instruments and bells)
[s.XI-XII]
Quaest. mus. 1, 26 p. 69: De reponderatione cerae primi cimbali, id est ⋅C⋅, abicias quartam partem.
[s.XIV]
Ars org. p. 100. al.
[s.XV]
Iac. Theat. 17: pondus ⋅c⋅ prime nole (sim. Cymb. Si vis 7, 1). al. Clavic. Primo p. 148, 8-9. Clavic. A-D. Clavic. Incipiendo p. 228, 4. Mon. A labro p. 209, 6-7. Mon. A magada p. 208, 1: in primo (sc. passu) pone C . al. Mon. A primo I p. 215, 1. al. Mon. Fiat corpus p. 221, 7. al. Mon. Magdarum p. 207, 10. Mon. Metire p. 214. Mon. Mon. tuum 1. al. Mon. Neumarum p. 219, 3. al. Mon. Primo accipe p. 220, 1. al. Mon. Quatuor p. 146, 10. al. Organistr. A C p. 205, 5: adhuc ⋅c⋅ acutam, quae dyapason cum ⋅C⋅ sonat. al. Organistr. A magada p. 209, 3. al. Organistr. A magada in p. 205, 3: in capite C . Organistr. In primis 1. al. Organistr. Omnes p. 207, 4: prima littera, scilicet C . al. Organistr. Organicam p. 208, 2. al. Organistr. Pone p. 216, 4: Pone ubi volueris primum punctum, id est C grave. al. Organistr. Si org. p. 213, 6: a C vel magda inferiori. al. Organistr. Volens p. 206, 2. al. Fist. Circa latitudinem 2 p. 141: Cape ergo longitudinem primi ⋅C⋅, ... secundum ⋅C⋅, videlicet diapason ad primum ⋅C⋅, ... tertium ⋅C⋅ ... Quintum vero ⋅C⋅. al. Fist. Fistulae mens. 12 p. 129. Fist. In mensuris 1 p. 132. Fist. In mensuris 2 p. 132: Gravis ⋅C⋅, quae est prima fistula. al. Fist. Incipit mensura 19 p. 137: primam fistulam ⋅C⋅faut naturalem. al. Cymb. Arbitror 5, 6. Cymb. De repond. 6, 2: primi cimbali, quod est ⋅C⋅. Cymb. De repond. 6, 5: poteris invenire ⋅c⋅ acutum a quinto cimbalo, scilicet ⋅G⋅. al. Cymb. Pone primam 10. Cymb. Si vis 7, 1. al.
j mit den Merksilben ‚psal‘ und ‚tas‘ in der Reihe psal-li-tur per vo-ces is-tas designated with the syllables ‘psal’ and ‘tas’ in the series psal-li-tur per vo-ces is-tas
[s.XV]
Bart. Ram. 1, 2, 1 p. 27: ⋅c⋅, quod sal diximus. ibid.: tas, ... quod est aliud ⋅c⋅. Bart. Ram. 1, 1, 7 p. 20: bisyllabum ⋅c⋅, scilicet tas-psal.
k mit chromatischen Systemerweiterungen with additional chromatic divisions Clavic. Ad faciendum p. 229, 9. al. Mon. Ab F p. 182, 2. al. Mon. Ad inveniendum p. 223, 21 descr. Mon. Divide primo p. 224, 2. al. Mon. Fac lineam p. 183, 4. al. Mon. Longitudinem p. 150, 15. al. Mon. Quatuor p. 146, 10-12. cf. LmL I, 8 col. 267, 42-47
6 im System: A BˢC D EˢF G HˢI K L (H-L = tetrach. synemm.) MˢN O P (M-P = tetrach. diezeugm.)ˢQ R S (für die parhypate hypaton) in the system: A BˢC D EˢF G HˢI /Bd. 1, Sp. 277/ K L (H-L = tetrach. synemm.) MˢN O P (M-P = tetrach. diezeugm.)ˢQ R S (for the parhypate hypaton)
[s.XI]
Berno mon. 4, 2: ⋅C⋅ parhypate hypaton. Berno mon. 10, 1: Tertius magister ascendit ad ⋅R⋅ et remittitur ad ⋅C⋅; eius discipulus intenditur ad ⋅O⋅ et descendit ad idem ⋅C⋅. al.
7 im System: A BˢC D EˢF G H IˢK L M (= trite synemmenon) N (= nete synemmenon)ˢO P Q in the system: A BˢC D EˢF G H IˢK L M (= trite synemmenon) N (= nete synemmenon)ˢO P Q
[s.XI]
Compil. Casin. 1, 24 descr.: ⋅C⋅ - corda re - simphonia seba - metrum parypate ypaton - vox moduli.
8 im System: A B CˢD E F GˢH I KˢL M N OˢP in the system: A B CˢD E F GˢH I KˢL M N OˢP
[s.XI]
Anon. Prag. 42: Diatesseron ... Ex IIIIor enim constat ptongis, veluti ⋅A⋅B⋅C⋅D⋅. Anon. Prag. 181: ⋅A⋅t⋅B⋅t⋅C⋅s⋅D⋅t⋅E⋅t⋅F⋅t⋅G⋅s⋅H⋅t⋅I⋅t⋅K⋅. al. cf. LmL I, 3 col. 266, 64 - 267, 11
9 im System: Γ aˢyˢbˢc dˢsˢeˢfˢrˢg hˢiˢkˢl m nˢo p in the system: Γ aˢyˢbˢc dˢsˢeˢfˢrˢg hˢiˢkˢl m nˢo p
[s.XII]
Theinr. Dov. tab. 3-2.
10 im System: aˢbˢˢc dˢeˢEˢfˢFˢg aˢbˢˢc d eˢf g a in the system: aˢbˢˢc dˢeˢEˢfˢFˢg aˢbˢˢc d eˢf g a
[s.XII]
Theinr. Dov. tab. 3-2. Theinr. Dov. 3, 6, 20.
11 im System: Γ A BˢC D EˢF G H IˢK L (I-M = tetrach. synemm.) MˢN O P (M-P = tetrach. diezeugm.) QˢR S in the system: Γ A BˢC D EˢF G H IˢK L (I-M = tetrach. synemm.) MˢN O P (M-P = tetrach. diezeugm.) QˢR S
[s.XIII-XIV]
Walt. Odingt. 3, 4, 26: Si ⋅O⋅ duplicetur, fit ⋅G⋅, et ⋅N⋅ dupla facit ⋅F⋅, et ⋅M⋅ facit ⋅E⋅, ac ⋅L⋅ ⋅D⋅ describit, et ⋅K⋅ ⋅C⋅. al. Walt. Odingt. 3, 4, 32 descr. Walt. Odingt. 5, 4, 45 descr.
12 im System: a bˢc d eˢf g hˢiˢ♮ˢk l mˢn o p (q) in the system: a bˢc d eˢf g hˢiˢ♮ˢk l mˢn o p (q)
[s.XV]
Bart. Ram. 1, 1, 2 p. 5 descr. Bart. Ram. 1, 2, 5 p. 36 descr. Bart. Ram. 2, 1, 1 p. 68: Si tenor ⋅d⋅e⋅f⋅g⋅d⋅c⋅f⋅e⋅d⋅, organum post duas notulas idem poterit in octava resonare, quod <est> ⋅l⋅m⋅n⋅o⋅l⋅k⋅n⋅m⋅l. al. (inde Ioh. Hoth. exc. p. 21. al.)
III Vortragsbezeichnung (littera significativa, ‚Romanusbuchstabe‘) letter that indicates manner of performance (littera significativa‚ ‘Romanian letter’)
[s.IX/X]
Notk. Balb. p. 69: C ut cito vel celeriter (inde Frut. brev. 14 p. 102). Trad. Notk. p. 37: C celera sursum.
[s.XI]
Aribo 28 p. 49: in antiquioribus antiphonariis utrisque c, t, m reperimus persaepe, quae celeritatem, tarditatem, mediocritatem innuunt. Anon. Wolf p. 205: in cantionum libris tam nocturnis quam diurnis inveniuntur notulae ex alphabeto neumis appositae, quae idipsum significent, verbi gratia a c g l m s t. (sim. Compil. Lips. p. 132.) ibid.: c, ut cito dicatur. (sim. Quaest. mus. 1, 23 p. 63. Compil. Lips. p. 132.) Quaest. mus. 1, 23 p. 63: Sed et ex suprascriptis omnibus has tantum in nostris antiphonariis frequentari repperimus: a c e h i m s t. Ioh. Cott. mus. 21, 38: c diversarum dictionum principium est, veluti cito, caute, clamose.
IV Schlüsselbuchstabe clef sign
[s.XIII]
Mus. man. 26, 9: Harum clavium tres tantum recipiendas arbitror, videlicet: F, c <et> g, quarum prima gravibus, secunda mediocribus et acutis, tertia acutissimis sufficienter praeponitur. Mus. man. 26, 20: Si enim clavem mutare volueris, pones in supprema, vel in quacumque regula placuerit, clavem c. Si c ponis in infima, tertiam supra ipsam clavis tertia vendicabit, scilicet g. al. Metrol. 42 p. 72: Et si in aliqua linea formaretur talis figura c, tota ipsa linea erit ⋅c⋅solfaut. Ioh. Garl. plan. p. 159b: de principalibus signis, que scilicet duo sunt, ut F grave et c acutum. Anon. Couss. IV p. 60, /Bd. 1, Sp. 278/ 14: Sed in principio (sc. lineae) ponunt unum signum sicut c vel f vel g et in partibus bene ponunt d. Walt. Odingt. 5, 4, 49: Et ad quinque claves sunt principales usuales, scilicet duae graves, duae acutae, una superacuta. Graves, scilicet D et F, acutae c et g, superacuta .
[s.XIV]
March. luc. 14, 1, 5: per clavim in cantu ipse reseratur cantus ... et tales universaliter usitate sunt due, scilicet F grave et c acutum. Per ipsarum autem discretam repositionem per lineas potest omnis cantus, cuiuscunque sit toni, rationabiliter collocari. Distant enim ab invicem per dyapente, nam F in gravibus, c in acutis constituta sunt. (inde Fr. Gafur. extr. 8, 6, 3 sqq. Bonav. Brix. 11, 9 sqq.). Iac. Leod. spec. 6, 73, 29: Adhuc ... apponuntur quidam colores in tacto modo notandi per figuras, qui habentur pro litteris, ut pro C ubique, sive sit in spatio, sive in linea vel regula, color croceus; pro F, sive fuerit in regula, sive in spatio, color rubeus sive de minio vel punctus in capite lineae vel spatii. Et illae duae litterae C et F vel tacti colores ceteras litteras vel claves secundum ordinem suum dant intelligere. al. Quat. Princ. 3, 12 p. 226b: una principalis monocordi littera in capite cantus praefigatur, id est C vel F aut G. Trad. Holl. I p. 169: Signatae sunt, quae ad notificandum cantum in libris scribuntur et harum, quae communiter signantur, ut F grave et c acutum, quae vero, ut Γ Graecum fundamentale, rarius et g superacutum. Quaedam vero rarissime, ut d excellens signatur etc.
[s.XV]
Ioh. Olom. 5 p. 15: Gregoriani enim et qui eos secuntur in libris suis ut plurimum tres notant literis pro clavibus, scilicet F grave, ... c acutum et g acutum. Ioh. Olom. 5 p. 17: Ambrosiani vero more veterum musicorum, ubicumque in serie manuali fit formatio semitonii vocis fa, illius literam pro clave annotant, sicut C grave, F grave, ... c acutum, f acutum et, si occurreret, cc superacutum. Nicol. Cap. p. 312. Georg. Ans. 3, 17. al. Trad. Holl. II 62 p. 10 (p. 419a). al. Trad. Holl. III 3 p. 25. al. Conr. Zab. tract. GG 11. al. Guil. mon. 5 p. 31. Lad. Zalk. A 53. Fr. Gafur. pract. 1, 3. Mich. Keinsp. 3, 64. al. Compend. mus. 6. al. Anon. Couss. I p. 447a: Item communiter ordinare debetis in discantu clavem de Csolfaut in linea prima vel secunda secundum quod acute vel alte ascendere vel descendere velitis. Item in tenore ordinanda est clavis communiter in Csolfaut in quinta vel in quarta linea vel in tertia secundum quod petitur tenorem altam vel gravem vel bassum. ibid.: Item triplum vel tenor acutus videlicet cantus debet clavis ordinari Csolfaut in quarta aut tertia linea secundum quod velitis ascendere vel descendere. Szydlov. 2 p. 13.
V Kennbuchstabe für den tritus der Dasia-Notation letter that identifies the tritus in dasia notation
[s.XI]
Hermann. mus. p. 56 descr. (p. 144b - 145a).
VI Kennbuchstabe für die zweite Psalmtondifferenz einer jeden Kirchentonart letter that identifies the second difference (differentia or ‘saeculorum Amen’ formula for a psalm tone) in each mode
[s.XI]
Frut. ton. p. 119. al.
[s.XII]
Anon. Pannain p. 115: Cuiuslibet vero toni primam differentiam B significat, C secundam, D tertiam, G quartam.
[s.XIV]
Iac. Leod. spec. 6, 82, 6: Item pro prima differentia cuiuscumque toni B posuerunt; pro secunda C; pro tertia D; pro quarta G, et sic ulterius secundum ordinem mutarum.
VII Kennbuchstabe für die dritte Kirchentonart in der Reihe A B C D E F G H letter that identifies the third mode in the series A B C D E F G H
[s.XIV]
Heinr. Eger 5 p. 49: C petulans, habilis, furiens ad bella, severus.
VIII Mensurzeichen für das tempus imperfectum mensuration sign for tempus imperfectum
[s.XIV]
Ps.-Phil. lib. mus. p. 44b: O littera signat perfectionem /Bd. 1, Sp. 279/ in cantu, et C littera signat imperfectionem.
[s.XV]
Ioh. Tinct. val. 12, 2: Signum temporis imperfecti est circulus imperfectus, quem propter similitudinem formae, quam habet cum tertia littera alphabeti, quae est C, nonnulli C appellant.
 
Artikelverweis 
cacemphaton n. (de κακέμφατος) Mißklang disharmony, cacophony
[s.XIII]
Anon. Emmeram. 4 p. 268, 2: Nam voces ab invicem discordantes offendunt animam in sensu particulari, utputa in aure, chacephaton generantes, et sic auditum impediunt et perturbant. Ps.-Mur. summa 640: Quod autem vocales vicine non continue ponuntur sed mixtim, hoc factum est, ne sonorum vicinia, que a fere simili cantatur, hiatu cacemphaton ac tedium introducat.
[s.XIV]
Arn. Gill. 9: et in sue corrixationis latratu dum clamore rudiunt altius asino et brutali clangore terribilius intubant, cachephaton evomunt.
[s.XV]
Orig. et eff. 10, 2: Pro cantu mensurabili, id est organico, cantephato (in cod. Oxford, Bodl. 515: canthefaton) dyaphonia et diastema sunt evitanda. Bart. Ram. 3, 1, 4 p. 90: Canone mutatur etiam locus, ut Busnois: „Ne sonites cacefaton, sume lichanos hypaton“.
 
Artikelverweis 
cacephatio -onis f. (de κακέμφατος) Mißklang disharmony, cacophony
[s.XIII]
Anon. Emmeram. 1 p. 148, 17: inter cantores varios maxima vocum discrepantia posset super hoc generari, quia dum unus maiorem semibrevem proferret, forte alius minorem in aequipollentia provulgaret, vel etiam in eodem cantu et eodem sono idem posset accidere inter eos et sic cacephationem, id est vocum discrepantiam generans, quod est vitium evitandum.
 
Artikelverweis 
cacia -ae f. (de ital. caccia) et cacetum (katschetum) -i n. italienische Kompositionsgattung des 14. Jahrhunderts mit Verwendung der Kanontechnik Italian compositional genre of the fourteenth century that employs canonic technique
[s.XIV]
Gen. disc. Postquam 42: Cacie sive incalci a simili per omnia formantur ut motteti, salvo, quod verba caciarum volunt esse aut omnes de septem, aut omnes de quinque sillabis. Volunt etiam esse ad tot, quot partes sunt et omnes volunt esse formate supra primam partem, ita quod, si facta fuerit ad quinque partes, omnes quinque cantores cantare possint simul primam partem. In numero canentium habere vult talis ordo, qualis dictus est in mottetis, scilicet quod, quando unus ascendit, alter descendat, tercius firmus stet, quartus pauset, quintus rumpat. Et sic cambiando officia fiat diversitas decorata, inveniendo sepissime in consonantiis. Et pars illorum et omnes in fine in consonantia se reperiant quis in quinta, quis in octava; et caveant a tritono, ut dictum est supra in mottetis. Anon. Vratisl. p. 336a: differencia est inter mutetum, rondellum, piroletum, lagadum, stampaniam sive stampetum, katschetum et rotulum. ... Sed katschetum est, quod habet tres choros in se cum tenore et suo contratenore sicud „Prorumpamus parvuli“. Similiter „Cluit in empirico“, „Domine ad adiuvandum“, „Petri“ etc.
[s.XV]
Paul. Paulir. 7, 2, 1 p. 60: <C>acetum (ed.: <F>acetum) est cantus mensuralis per triplum vadens, in quo tenor et medium et contratenor quilibet habet suum textum sibi coapropriatum sic comensuratum, quod procedunt in modum rote in gravibus sibi decenter obviantes in vocibus, et in omni pausa illius cantilene possunt sistere ubi volunt nullo eorum in tali cantu silente. cf. HMT s. v. caccia
 
Artikelverweis 
cacophonia -ae f. (κακοφωνία) Mißklang disharmony, /Bd. 1, Sp. 280/ cacophony
[s.XV]
Paul. Paulir. 7, 2, 1 p. 61: caccofoniam seu malam et dissidentem sonoritatem.

 

C
 I Markierungspunkt in Mensuren letter that designates a specific point in measurements
 1 im System A - LL (C für die parhypate hypaton diatonos und CC für die paranete diezeugmenon diatonos) in the system A - LL (C for the hypate hypaton diatonos and CC for the paranete diezeugmenon diatonos)
 2 im System: AˢB C DˢE F G HˢI K LˢM N O (für den lichanos hypaton) in the system: AˢB C DˢE F G HˢI K LˢM N O (for the lichanos hypaton)
 3 im System: A B CˢD E F GˢH I KˢL M N OˢP (Z) in the system: A B CˢD E F GˢH I KˢL M N OˢP (Z)
 4 im System: A BˢC D E FˢG H I KˢL M N OˢP Q R S in the system: A BˢC D E FˢG H I KˢL M N OˢP Q R S
 5 im System: A BˢC D EˢF G/(Z,SM)ˢIˢK L MˢN O P (für die parhypate hypaton) in the system: A BˢC D EˢF G /(Z,SM)ˢIˢK L MˢN O P (for the parhypate hypaton)
 6 im System: AˢB C DˢE F Gˢh (= trite synemmenon) ˢH (= paramese) ˢK L MˢN X O (für den lichanos hypaton) in the system: AˢB C DˢE F Gˢh (= trite synemmenon) ˢH (= paramese) ˢK L MˢN X O (for
 7 im System: A B CˢD E FˢSˢG (A H) in the system: A B CˢD E FˢSˢG (A H)
 8 im System: A ˢC D EˢF G (primi - sexti ordinis) (für ein in Mikrointervallen versetztes Tonsystem) in the system: A ˢC D EˢF G (primi - sexti ordinis) (for a system transposed according to microtones)
 II Tonbezeichnung letter that designates a note
 1 im System: AˢG F E DˢC B A GˢF E D CˢB A (aufsteigend) in the system: AˢG F E DˢC B A GˢF E D CˢB A (ascending)
 2 im System: A BˢC D EˢF G H (ˢQ = trite synemmenon) I (= paramese) ˢK L MˢN O P (für die parhypate hypaton) in the system: A BˢC D EˢF G H (ˢQ = trite synemmenon) I (= paramese) ˢK L
 3 im System: a bˢc e hˢi m o xˢy cc ddˢff nn ii (für parhypate hypaton diatonos und paranete diezeugmenon diatonos) in the system: a bˢc e hˢi m o xˢy cc ddˢff nn ii (for the parhypate hypaton diatonos
 4 im System: F (g) (= B rotundum)ˢGˢA B CˢD E FˢG (H) (= trite synemmenon)ˢG (= paramese)ˢA B CˢD E F (für hypate meson und nete diezeugmenon) in the system: F (g) (= B rotundum)ˢGˢA B CˢD E FˢG (H) (= trite
 5 im System: (FF) Γ A BˢC D EˢF G aˢbˢˢc d eˢf g ( ) in the system: (FF) Γ A BˢC D EˢF G aˢbˢˢc d
 a generell general
 b auf die Stellung im System bezogen with reference to a position in the system: gravissima ⋅C⋅, ⋅C⋅ inferior - ⋅c⋅ media - ⋅c⋅ superior
 c auf das griechische System bezogen (für parhypate hypaton - trite diezeugmenon, paranete synemmenon - [epiparanete diahyperboleon]) with reference to the Greek system (for parhypate hypaton - trite diezeugmenon, paranete synemmenon - [epiparanete diahyperboleon])
 d auf das Oktavsystem bezogen with reference to the octave system: ⋅C⋅ gravis (-e) (gravissima), ⋅C⋅ primum - ⋅c⋅ acuta (-um), ⋅c⋅ inferior (-ius), ⋅c⋅ secundum, c alta
 e auf das Tetrachordsystem bezogen with reference to the tetrachord system: ⋅C⋅ grave, c acutum, ⋅c⋅ affinalis
 f auf das Solmisationssystem bezogen with reference to the system of solmisation: ⋅C⋅faut - ⋅c⋅solfaut - ⋅c⋅solfa
 g auf die Schreibweise bezogen with reference to the character of script: ⋅C⋅ magnum (maior), ⋅C⋅ grossum, ⋅C⋅ capitale - ⋅c⋅ parvum, ⋅c⋅ minuta (-um) - duplicatum (duplex, duplum), geminum (geminata,
 h auf die Funktion im Tonartensystem bezogen with reference to function in the system of modes: initialis ⋅C⋅ - mediatrix ⋅c⋅, ⋅c⋅ affinalis
 i im Skalenausschnitt (H) C - (c - ff) (auch chromatisch erweitert) in Mensuren (vor allem von Tasteninstrumenten und Glocken in the segment of scale (H) C - (c) (sometimes chromatically further subdivided) in measurements (especially
 j mit den Merksilben ‚psal‘ und ‚tas‘ in der Reihe psal-li-tur per vo-ces is-tas designated with the syllables ‘psal’ and ‘tas’ in the series psal-li-tur per vo-ces is-
 k mit chromatischen Systemerweiterungen with additional chromatic divisions
 6 im System: A BˢC D EˢF G HˢI K L (H-L = tetrach. synemm.) MˢN O P (M-P = tetrach. diezeugm.)ˢQ R S (für die parhypate hypaton) in the system: A BˢC D EˢF
 7 im System: A BˢC D EˢF G H IˢK L M (= trite synemmenon) N (= nete synemmenon)ˢO P Q in the system: A BˢC D EˢF G H IˢK L M (= trite synemmenon) N (= nete synemmenon)ˢO P Q
 8 im System: A B CˢD E F GˢH I KˢL M N OˢP in the system: A B CˢD E F GˢH I KˢL M N OˢP
 9 im System: Γ aˢyˢbˢc dˢsˢeˢfˢrˢg hˢiˢkˢl m nˢo p in the system: Γ aˢyˢbˢc dˢsˢeˢfˢrˢg hˢiˢkˢl m nˢo p
 10 im System: aˢbˢˢc dˢeˢEˢfˢFˢg aˢˢc d eˢf g a in the system: aˢbˢˢc dˢeˢEˢfˢFˢg aˢˢc d eˢf g a
 11 im System: Γ A BˢC D EˢF G H IˢK L (I-M = tetrach. synemm.) MˢN O P (M-P = tetrach. diezeugm.) QˢR S in the system: Γ A BˢC D EˢF G H IˢK L (I
 12 im System: a bˢc d eˢf g hˢiˢ♮ˢk l mˢn o p (q) in the system: a bˢc d eˢf g hˢiˢ♮ˢk l mˢn o p (q)
 III Vortragsbezeichnung (littera significativa, ‚Romanusbuchstabe‘) letter that indicates manner of performance (littera significativa‚ ‘Romanian letter’)
 IV Schlüsselbuchstabe clef sign
 V Kennbuchstabe für den tritus der Dasia-Notation letter that identifies the tritus in dasia notation
 VI Kennbuchstabe für die zweite Psalmtondifferenz einer jeden Kirchentonart letter that identifies the second difference (differentia or ‘saeculorum Amen’ formula for a psalm tone) in each mode
 VII Kennbuchstabe für die dritte Kirchentonart in der Reihe A B C D E F G H letter that identifies the third mode in the series A B C D E F G H
 VIII Mensurzeichen für das tempus imperfectum mensuration sign for tempus imperfectum